The flag of Iraq is a horizontal tricolour of (from the top of the flag to the bottom of the flag) red, white and black. At the centre of the flag is the takbir reading "Allahu Akbar". Iraq first adopted this tricolour flag on 31 July 1963; however, several changes have been made since. Originally, the flag had three green stars at its centre. In 1991, the takbir was added to the centre of the flag in addition to the three green stars. Finally, on 22 January 2008, the three green stars were removed from the flag, creating the present day design.
The flag of Iraq includes the Pan-Arab colours of red, white, black and green. These colours are said to symbolise the qualities of Islam - red standing for courage, white standing for generosity, black noting the triumphs of Islam and green representing Islam itself.
The flag's ratio is 2:3.