The flag of Germany comprises a tricolour design with three equal horizontal bands consisting of the national colours of Germany - from top to bottom, black, red and gold. These colours are said to have been taken from the uniforms of German soldiers fighting during the Napoleonic Wars of the 18th century. The flag's ratio is 3:5.
The present day flag design was first flown in 1848 but wasn't officially adopted as the national flag of Germany until 1919 when, following its defeat in the First World War, the German Empire became a republic. The flag of Germany changed in 1933 as a result of the Nazi government's rise to power; however, the tricolour design was restored following the end of the Second World War and officially re-established as the German national flag for both East and West Germany in 1949 (East Germany also added its coat of arms to the flag design). The flag was retained as the country's official flag following the reunification of Germany in 1990.
The flag of Germany flies