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Flag of United Nations

Flag United Nations

Icon for Flag

Flag

Flag United Nations 1500x900mm

Price: $23.10

Product ID: un---/l

Icon for Flag

Flag

Flag United Nations 900x600mm

Price: $17.09

Product ID: un---/m

Icon for Handwaver Child

Handwaver Child

Handwaver Child United Nations 225x150mm

Price: $7.99

Product ID: un---/hc

Cheaper in Packs

Icon for Desk Flag

Desk Flag

Desk Flag United Nations 150x100mm

Price: $7.99

Product ID: un---/df

Cheaper in Packs

Icon for String 30

String 30

String 30 United Nations 230x150mm
String 30 United Nations 230x150mm
String 30 United Nations 230x150mm
String 30 United Nations 230x150mm
String 30 United Nations 230x150mm
String 30 United Nations 230x150mm

Price: $70.10

Product ID: un---/sf30

Icon for Decal

Decal

Decal United Nations 124x82mm

Price: $3.00

Product ID: un---/d1

Icon for Badge

Badge

Badge United Nations 90x60mm

Price: $6.10

Product ID: un---/p1

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Flag Information and Facts

Background

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN Headquarters is situated in Manhattan, New York City and enjoys extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict.

During the Second World War, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated talks on a successor agency to the League of Nations, and the United Nations Charter was drafted at a conference in April–June 1945; this charter took effect on 24 October 1945, and the UN began operation. The UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the US and Soviet Union and their respective allies. The organization participated in major actions in Korea and the Congo, as well as approving the creation of the state of Israel in 1947. The organization's membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization in the 1960s, and by the 1970s its budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN took on major military and peacekeeping missions across the world with varying degrees of success.

The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (for promoting international economic and social co-operation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (inactive since 1994). UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. The UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by South Korean Ban Ki-moon since 2007. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work.

The organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001, and a number of its officers and agencies have also been awarded the prize. Other evaluations of the UN's effectiveness have been mixed. Some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called t